Now a day, the Hydroponic system becomes very popular in the world. Actually, it is one of the easy way to grow up your plants by your self without large area. Event you can plant without any sands.
Everything can be control like nutrition for vegetables, water, light waves …to maximum their’s growing up speed.
3 important elements of hydroponic system
This could be a bed, a bucket, a tower, a raft, or really any watertight container that can support the media that it holds. The container is the part of the system that hosts the plants while the nutrient solution is flooded, streamed, or dripped through the media inside.
- Sump tank.
The sump tank holds and sometimes mixes nutrient solutions. In some systems, there is both a sump tank and a mixing tank. The use of both a sump tank and a mixing tank is more common on a commercial scale when separate levels for drainage and irrigation are needed or when an auto dosing system benefits from a separate tank.
*There’s a very simple method called the Kratky method that combines the sump with the growing container. No pump is needed because all the solution is available to the plant immediately. This is a very neat method that requires beautifully formulated solutions.
Some of hydroponic systems:
DWC – Deep water culture. The DWC systems use a floating raft to hold plants over a solution tank, similar to a chinampa of the Aztecs. Solution is moved from the sump through the tanks very slowly to deliver nutrients without disturbing the delicate roots too much. This is great for tropical regions because of the great temperature stability in the root zone, though they can have problems with dissolved oxygen levels.
NFT – Nutrient film technique. The NFT systems use a series of shallow troughs. Solution is run down the length of the trough (or gutter) in a very thin film. This is a very common method in greenhouses on a single horizontal plane. It’s cheap to build up front but not very space efficient.
ZipGrow – The ZipGrow and other vertical tower systems use vertical planes to grow in 3-dimensional space rather than a single horizontal plane. These types of systems are more space efficient with lower operating costs, though upfront costs tend to be higher.
Aeroponic – The Aeroponic systems grow plants primarily in air using a fine mist to deliver the solution to plant roots. Aeroponics systems are cool and can be cost-effective, but are tough to manage; nozzles tend to clog up and root zone temperatures are not stable.
Media-based – The Media-based systems are any system that uses an aggregate or fiber media in a container. Media beds and Bato buckets are the two most common methods here. These are great techniques for large-statures crops that need a lot of root support but aren’t always space efficient.
Conclusion: in this post you have a general image about the hydroponic system. It is not so difficult so you can try by yourself at home. Please read more the DIY in this site
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